Belgian Malinois Dog Breed Information: Profile, History, Care & Review

The Belgian Malinois is a sturdy dog of square proportion with moderately heavy, but oval, bone. This breed is elegant, with the very proud head carriage. The general impression is of power without bulkiness. The gait is smooth and straightforward, seemingly effortless instead of hard-driving. Such a gait gives the impression of timelessness. The Malinois features a tendency to run during a wide circle instead of straight line. The coat is fairly short, straight, and hard, with a dense undercoat. The expression is intelligent and questioning.

In the hands of an experienced dog person, they’re intense, intelligent, and athletic companions. However, with their high energy and exercise needs, they’ll not also fair in apartments or small living spaces. This breed isn’t likely to suit a first-time dog owner.

Belgian Malinois Dog Information:

Breed Name Belgian Malinois
Other Names Malinois, Chien De Berger Belge, Mechelaar, Mechelse Herder, Mechelse Scheper, Pastor Belga Malinois
Breed Group Herding (AKC:1959)(UKC)
Type Purebred
Size Large
Weight Male: 25–30 kg (55–66 lb)
Female: 20–25 kg (44–55 lb)
Height Male: 61–66 cm (24–26 in)
Female: 56–61 cm (22–24 in)
Area of Origin Belgium
Life Range 12-14 years
Colors Fawn
Fawn Sable
Red Sable
Level of Energy Very energetic
Bark Tendency  Moderate
Exercise Daily
Overall Grooming Low Maintenance

Belgian Malinois Dog History:

There are four closely related breeds of Belgian sheepdog collectively mentioned as ‘Chien de Berger Belge,’ which were classified as independent breeds in 1891. All are herding and guard dogs, and are primarily distinguished by their appearances: the Malinois has short hair, the Laekenois (not currently recognized by the American Kennel Club) has wiry hair, the Groenendael (also known simply as the ‘Belgian Shepherd’) has long, black hair, and also the Tervuren has a long hair of any other color.

The Malinois derives its name from the Belgian city of Mechelen, where it had been developed. It’s the foremost popular variety in Belgium and has become the world’s most popular working dog, including use by the Israeli Defense Forces. It’s increasing in popularity as a pet in America but is most ordinarily used for sports and service.

Belgian Malinois Dog Photos:

Belgian Malinois: Smart dogs often used for police or military workBelgian Malinois Dog Breed InformationBelgian Malinois Dog Breed

About Belgian Malinois Dog Health:

The Malinois is usually a healthy breed, and a responsible breeder will screen breeding stock for health conditions like hip and elbow dysplasia and certain eye problems. Like all breeds, the ears should be checked regularly for signs of infection, and also the teeth should be brushed frequently.

  • Major concerns: none
  • Minor concerns: CHD, elbow dysplasia
  • Occasionally seen: PRA, cataract, pannus, hemangiosarcoma
  • Suggested tests: hip, elbow, eye

Nutrition For Belgian Malinois Dog:

The Belgian Malinois should have best on a portion of high-quality pet food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared, together with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are susceptible to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treats are often a crucial aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. Learn about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which aren’t. Check with your vet if you’ve got any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean water should be available at all times.

How to Take Care of Belgian Malinois Dog:

Belgian Malinois can have best in small quarters if they receive enough exercise. They like cool climates but adapt well to warmer environments. They ought to always be included as part of the family and live indoors.

If possible, provide your Malinois with some off-leash exercise during a fenced area, additionally to long walks or jogging. Malinois needs about 20 minutes of activity three or four times each day, and a leisurely walk won’t satisfy them. They’re built for action. If you wish to hike or jog, your Belgian Malinois are going to be happy to be by your side. Consider training them to compete in obedience or agility. It doesn’t really matter what you are doing as long as you keep them active. Do not be surprised if they run in large circles in your yard; it is a remnant of their herding heritage.

Puppies have different exercise needs. From nine weeks to four months aged, puppy kindergarten, once or twice every week, is a good way for them to get exercise, training, and socialization, plus 15 to 20 minutes of playtime within the yard, morning and evening. Throw a ball for them to fetch.

Belgian Malinois Grooming, Bathing & Coat:

The frequency of bathing depends on you and your dog’s lifestyle. This extremely smart and athletic dog is often bathed as frequently as every week up to no longer than every six weeks. Routine baths and blowouts, also as frequent brushing, lay the groundwork for maintaining healthy skin and coat.

This double-coated breed has an additional dense undercoat and a thick topcoat that provides protection from water and extreme weather. Due to this thick, dense coat, it’s always beneficial to take a few extra minutes before the bath to loosen any dirt and debris from the skin and blow out any loose hair using a high-velocity dryer. Then use an undercoat rake, stone, shedding blade, carding tool, or maybe a slicker brush to get rid of an additional loose coat.

Once the correct products for your dog’s coat and skin are selected, it’s time for a bath. Since the Belgian Malinois is such an energetic and athletic dog, two baths are recommended. The pre-bath is for general cleaning to get rid of any dirt and grime, and to bring the coat back to a neutral state. Bringing the coat back to a neutral state allows the product you decide on to work more effectively. A rubber curry with cylinder type teeth may be a good way to assist the shampoo penetrates through the thick, dense coat. The final bath is meant to focus on the requirements of the dog’s skin and coat. Immerse your fingers deep into the coat while massaging the shampoo into the coat, ensuring every part is thoroughly covered. When rinsing the coat, it’s recommended to cool the water temperature down slightly to assist remove all of the products.

Once the bath is complete, it’s imperative to urge the dog to dry completely. Since the coat is thick and dense, confirm the hair is dry all the way to the skin removing all traces of any dampness and moisture. Attempt to get within the habit of drying the Belgian Malinois within the direction the coat should lay. After the dog is dry, run a slicker brush over the dog within the direction the coat should lay.

Belgian Malinois Dog Exercise:

Highly intelligent, athletic, and muscular and exceedingly devoted, the Malinois got to be actively engaged together with his owner, both mentally and physically. This is often not a dog who can be left within the backyard, and daily walks aren’t enough, either. Exercise, and many of it, preferably side by side together with his owner, is paramount to the breed’s happiness. To deprive a Malinois of activity and human companionship is to deprive him of his very reasons for being. Malinois makes great running, hiking, and biking companions, and they excel at agility, tracking, herding, obedience, and Schutzhund (protection) competitions.

Belgian Malinois Dog Personality:

The Belgian Malinois excels not only in herding, but also in protection and law enforcement; drug, bomb, and gas detection; search and rescue; tracking; obedience; sledding; agility; and therapy assistance to disabled, ill or elderly people. This dog is demanding and wishes for an experienced owner. A good range is seen in temperament and aggressiveness. They need nothing more than to be with their family, which makes them unsuitable as a kennel dog.

Belgian Malinois Dog Training:

Like most herding breeds, Malinois have a high prey drive and are strongly curious about moving objects. This trait can lead to chasing children, vehicles, or other animals than should be directed into acceptable activities through training. Early socialization and obedience training are musts.

Pros of Belgian Malinois Dogs:

  • Intelligent Rank: Very smart: Belgian Malinois is a superb dog breed.
  • Trainability: Belgian Malinois are very easy to train.
  • Drooling tendency: The Belgian Malinois may be a perfect example of very low drooling tendency.
  • Weight Gain Potential: Low to Average.
  • Watchdog Ability: Belgian Malinois is one of the best watchdogs.
  • Adaptability: Belgian Malinois adapt alright to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Belgian Malinois are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Belgian Malinois are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Service Dog: This breed makes good as a service dog.
  • Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog: A detection dog or sniffer dog maybedog that’s trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances like explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics like illicit mobile phones.
  • Search and Rescue Dog (SAR): The utilization of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) may be a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.

Cons of Belgian Malinois Dogs:

  • Hypoallergenic: Belgian Malinois don’t have the best with allergy sufferers by causing the allergy.
  • The impulse to Wander or Roam: Wanderlust potential of the Belgian Malinois is powerful enough to escape from home.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Belgian Malinois do best when a loved one is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly in order that they can take the dog at work.
  • Office Friendly: Belgian Malinois isn’t the best dog breed for the office environment.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Belgian Malinois aren’t good for novice owners, because of their stubborn personality.


More About Belgian Malinois Dog:

The Belgian Malinois (pronounced MAL-in-wah) may be a medium-size Belgian sheepdog dog that, at first glance, resembles a German shepherd Dog. Malinois are shorthaired, fawn-colored dogs with a black mask. They’re one among four types of Belgian herding dogs and are shown within the U.S. as a separate breed since 1959.

Originally developed in Malines, Belgium, Malinois have an excellent deal of stamina and truly enjoy working. They’re intelligent and really active dogs that shine at many tasks. Additionally to herding, they also had best with the police investigation, search and rescue, and in performance events, like agility.

People who aren’t familiar with the Malinois often confuse them with the German shepherd Dog (GSD), but there are significant differences within the structure and temperament of the two breeds. Malinois are smaller dogs with lighter bones. They stand with their weight well on their toes, which provides them a square body profile, while today’s GSD features a long, sloping back and carries their weight flatter on their feet.

Malinois are quick learners and eager to do whatever their people ask of them. They excel in obedience, tracking, agility, flyball, herding, showing, Schutzhund and other protection sports, search and rescue, and police investigation. Trainers describe them as having a high “play drive,” which suggests that they like to play, and about anything you ask them to do is play to them.

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