The Bernese Mountain Dog is slightly longer than tall, though appearing square. This breed may be a sturdy, large, hardy dog with a combination of strength, speed, and agility. The Bernese’s natural working gait may be a slow trot, but with good reach and drive. The thick coat is moderately long and slightly wavy or straight, providing insulation from the cold. The expression is gentle, and also, the color is striking.
A novice dog owner could be attracted to this breed’s friendly disposition, intelligence, and highly trainable nature. However, first-time dog owners should beware. The Bernese Mountain Dog’s size and high energy can make handling difficult. Thus, they don’t appreciate being cooped up in apartments all day. They shed plenty, and that they tend to want the drool wiped from their faces every once in a while. Dogs of this breed are excellent watchdogs, but that also means they need a tendency to bark–loudly. they’ll want to chase smaller animals and play roughly, even though they’re quite gentle when fully mature and trained correctly.
Bernese Mountain Dog Information:
|Breed Name||Bernese Mountain Dog|
|Other Names||Berner Sennenhund, Bernese Cattle Dog, Berner|
|Breed Group||Guardian Dogs (UKC)|
|Size||Large to Giant|
|Weight||Male: 85-110 pounds (38–50 kg)
Female: 80-105 pounds (36–48 kg)
|Height||Male: 24-28 inches (61–71 cm)
Female: 23-27 inches (58–69 cm)
|Area of Origin||Switzerland|
|Life Range||7-10 years|
|Level of Energy||Average|
|Overall Grooming||Moderate Maintenance|
Bernese Mountain Dog History:
The Bernese Mountain Dog, or Berner Sennenhund in his native Switzerland, was used as an all-around farm dog by Alpine herdsmen within the canton of Bern. The dogs drove cattle to pasture, pulled milk carts to the dairy, and acted as watchdogs on the farm. Generally, Berners hauled milk in pairs, so it had been typical to see two of them hooked to a cart.
Berners are thought to possess descended from mastiff-type dogs who came to Switzerland together with Roman armies some 2,000 years ago. There they interbred with local dogs and were developed to assist with farm work. With industrialization, however, the dogs almost disappeared. The breed was revived within the early 20th century to become a companion dog, although many still administered their traditional farm duties also. The American Kennel Club recognized the Bernese Mountain Dog in 1937.
Bernese Mountain Dog Photos:
About Bernese Mountain Dog Health:
Berners are generally healthy dogs, and responsible breeders will screen their breeding stock for health conditions like hip and elbow dysplasia, blood disorders, some cancers, and progressive retinal atrophy. All large breeds are liable to bloat, a sudden, life-threatening stomach condition. Berner owners should learn what signs to seem out for, and what to do should they occur. Like all breeds, a Berner’s ears should be checked regularly for signs of infection, and also the teeth should be brushed often, using a toothpaste designed for dogs.
- Major concerns: CHD, elbow dysplasia, mast cell tumor, gastric torsion
- Minor concerns: cataract, entropion, ectropion, SAS
- Occasionally seen: hypomyelination, allergies, vWD, hepatocerebellar degeneration, hypothyroidism, PRA.
- Suggested tests: hip, elbow, eye, cardiac, DNA for vWD
Note: Extra care must be taken to avoid heatstroke.
Nutrition For Bernese Mountain Dog:
The Bernese Mountain Dog should have best on a portion of high-quality pet food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared, together with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are susceptible to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treats are often an essential aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. The study in which human foods are safe for dogs, and which aren’t. Ask your vet if you’ve got any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean water should be available at all times.
How to Take Care of Bernese Mountain Dog:
Berners aren’t suited to apartment or condo life. A home with an oversized, securely fenced yard is the best choice. Because the Berner may be a dog, they need lots of energy. Additionally, to yard play, they have a minimum of 30 minutes of vigorous exercise every day; 3 times that amount keeps this sturdy dog in top condition.
With their thick, handsome coat, the Berner may be a natural fit cold climates. They like to play in the snow. Conversely, together with his black leather and large size, they’re susceptible to heatstroke. Don’t allow them to exercise strenuously when it’s extremely hot; limit exercise to early mornings or evenings when it’s cooler. Keep them fresh during the heat of the day, either inside with fans or air-conditioning or outside within the shade.
You’ll need to require special care if you’re raising a Berner puppy. Like many large-breed dogs, Berners grow rapidly between the ages of 4 and 7 months, making them liable to bone disorders and injury.
Bernese Mountain Grooming, Bathing & Coat:
Bathing Care: The first bath is for general cleaning to take off the dirt and grime. Follow up with the second bath and target the necessity of the dog. If your dog has allergies or skin irritations, use Hypoallergenic Shampoo followed by a medicated shampoo like Tea Tree & Aloe Shampoo or Luxury Tar and Sulfa Itch Relief Shampoo. Bernese with normal skin and coat are often bathed with any of our wonderful scent renewal products for long-lasting fragrance. Make certain to end the bath with conditioner. This may help keep the coat hydrated to guard against harsh weather. Simple Shed Shampoo and straightforward Shed Treatment during the spring and fall shedding season will help release undercoat so the seasonal coat can are available properly.
Eyes Care: Opti-Soothe Eye Wash is a must. Flush the eyes of any foreign matter and keep the eye moist.
Ears Care Use Ear Care to clean the ears and help dry out any moisture deep within the ear; this may help with the odor and prevent infection. Only clean as far as you’ll see.
Paws Care: Because they work outside in extreme weather, they have Paw Balm to keep their pads soft and pliable to keep them from drying and cracking.
Coat Care: due to the double coat of the breed, brushing is important. Simple Shed and Static Spray as you brush during shedding season or Aloe Hydrating Spray in between shedding cycles is suggested to assist protect the coat.
Bernese Mountain Dog Exercise:
Bernese Mountain Dogs need a minimum of a half-hour of moderate exercise a day to remain healthy and happy. While they’re definitely meant to measure indoors with their human family, Berners enjoy outdoor activities and make great companions on long walks or hikes. Outdoorsy owners often take their canine companions camping and backpacking. Berners enjoy pulling young children during a cart, and a few even participate in carting and drafting competitions. Other canine sports during which Berners participate and excel include agility, herding, obedience, rally, and tracking.
Bernese Mountain Dog Personality:
The Bernese mountain dog is alert and good-natured. Coming from a working background, they enjoy the challenge of learning new things. They ought to be obedience trained due to their large size at an early age to make them pleasant household companions. Their natural instincts to guard and work on the farm still carry over within the breed today. The Bernese makes a decent watchdog and is even better at herding and draft work. Draft work is demonstrated in field trails for Bernese mountain dogs and popular owners today. The dogs are judged on the ability to both pull and have control over a cart. As a family pet, the Bernese will enjoy some physical work and a job to do. they’re desperate to please!
Bernese Mountain Dog Training Video:
Early socialization and obedience training are important for all dogs, but especially so for breeds as large as the Bernese Mountain Dog. Berners are intelligent and aiming, please, in order that they are usually easy to coach. they’re also affectionate and openhearted; their feelings are easily hurt, then they don’t respond well to harsh corrections or training methods. A Berner wants to be together with his family, and undesirable behaviors may result if he’s regularly left alone for long periods of time.
Pros of Bernese Mountain Dogs:
- Intelligent Rank: Very smart: Bernese Mountain Dog is a superb dog breed.
- Child Friendly: Bernese Mountain Dogs are kid-friendly dogs.
- Senior Citizens Friendly: Bernese Mountain Dogs are usually recommended for older people.
- Trainability: Bernese Mountain Dogs are easy to train.
- Health Issues: Very healthy dog breed.
- Watchdog Ability: Bernese Mountain Dogs are one of the best watchdogs.
- Service Dog: This breed makes good as a service dog.
- Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog: A drafting dog or draft dog may be a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Cons of Bernese Mountain Dogs:
- Hypoallergenic: Bernese Mountain Dogs don’t have the best with allergy sufferers by causing the allergy.
- Drooling tendency: The Bernese Mountain Dog drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you’ll want to choose another dog breed.
- Weight Gain Potential: Average to High.
- Apartment Friendly: Bernese Mountain Dogs aren’t recommended for an apartment lifestyle.
- Shedding Level: Bernese Mountain Dogs shed above average.
- Mouthiness: Bernese Mountain Dogs have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
- Office Friendly: Bernese Mountain Dog isn’t the best dog breed for the office environment.
- Good For First Time Owners: Bernese Mountain Dogs aren’t good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
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More About Bernese Mountain Dog:
The Berner was originally an important part of farm life, serving to drive cattle, protect family, and pull carts loaded with goods to sell at nearby villages. Although they’re good-mannered, hard workers, they nearly became extinct within the early 20th century, when other means of transportation became accessible to farmers. Fortunately, a handful of fanciers sought to preserve the breed.
In addition to being strikingly good-looking, the Berner features a wonderful temperament. They’re known for being loyal, affectionate, wanting to please, and intelligent. They’re easy to train if you permit them time to analyze what you would like them to do. Most of all, they need a happy-go-lucky attitude about life.
Despite their beauty and excellent temperament—or perhaps due to these qualities—Berners often have a brief lifetime. The breed features a small gene pool, which has resulted in numerous health problems associated with inbreeding. As more people determine about the breed, many dogs with health problems are being bred with little or no regard to the effect this has on the breed as an entire. Those considering a Bernese Mountain Dog must be very careful not to support irresponsible breeding practices.