Jack Russell Terrier Dog Breed Information: Profile, History, Care & Review

The Jack Russell Terrier is fearless, not to mention tenacious; working terrier bred to go to ground for work and likes to dig. He’s confident, alert, and always ready for work. His weatherproof coat could also be broken or smooth; his small, flexible chest helps him pursue underground quarry; and his long legs help him trail fast-running game. The Jack Russell Terrier is well-balanced with substantial boning, signifying the endurance and strength needed as a hunting terrier.

Developed in England some 200 years ago to hunt foxes, the Jack Russell Terrier, also referred to as the Parson Russell Terrier, is a lively, independent, and clever little dog. He’s charming and affectionate, but he’s also a handful to train and manage. For experienced dog owners only!

Jack Russell Terrier Dog Information:

Breed Name Jack Russell Terrier
Other Names Russell Terrier, JRT, Jack
Breed Group Terrier (UKC)
Type Purebred
Size Small
Weight 11-18 pounds (5-8 kg)
Height 8-15 inches (20-38 cm)
Area of Origin United Kingdom
Life Range 13-16 years
Colors Black & Tan
Level of Energy Very energetic
Bark Tendency  High
Exercise Daily
Overall Grooming Low Maintenance

Jack Russell Terrier Dog History:

The Reverend John Russell was a 19th-century parson with a passion for fox hunting that he developed a well-known strain of foxhunt terriers. From this strain was developed the Parson Russell Terrier and also the Jack Russell Terrier. The Jack Russell Terrier was a smaller, longer-bodied, shorter-legged dog that was used almost exclusively to hunt vermin and bolt rabbits. For years, Jack Russell Terrier breeders mentioned these dogs as “puddin’ dogs” or “puds,” and sometimes just “shorties.” In England, Ireland, and Australia, the longer-legged square dog is known as the Parson Russell Terrier, while the lower, longer dog is named the Jack Russell Terrier.

Jack Russell Terrier Dog Photos:

Jack Russell Terrier Dog Breed Information, Pictures ...Tips For Raising An Irish Jack Russell Terrier! - emma smith - MediumThe difference between Jack Russell, Parson Russell and Russell ...

About Jack Russell Terrier Dog Health:

The majority of Russell Terriers are happy, healthy little dogs. Responsible breeders screen their stock for health conditions like patellar luxation (loose kneecaps), deafness, and disease, and are dedicated to preserving the genetic health of the breed by doing health testing on all their breeding stock.

  • Major Concerns: Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (hip joint disease)
  • Minor Concerns: Knee cap dislocation
  • Occasionally Seen: N/A
  • Suggested Tests: Eyes, ears, and knees

Nutrition For Jack Russell Terrier Dog:

The Russell Terrier should have best on a portion of high-quality pet food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared, together with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are susceptible to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treats are often an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. The study in which human foods are safe for dogs, and which aren’t. Ask your vet if you’ve got any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean water should be available at all times.

How to Take Care of Jack Russell Terrier Dog:

The Jack Russell may be a people lover who should live indoors with the family. It is best if he has access to a fenced yard where he can burn off a number of his abundant energy. The fence should be impossible for him to climb, dig under, or jump — think Fort Knox. And do not count on an underground electronic fence to keep your Jack within the yard. The threat of a shock is nothing compared to the will to chase what seems like prey.

Always walk your Jack on a leash to prevent him from chasing other animals, challenging bigger dogs, or running in front of cars. Give him 30 to 45 minutes of vigorous exercise daily, also as plenty of off-leash play within the yard to keep him tired and out of trouble.

Faint heart never trained feisty Jack Russell. People that accept Jack Russells must be firm and consistent in what they expect. Jacks are strong-willed dogs, and although they respond to positive motivation within the type of praise, play, and food rewards, they’ll become stubborn within the face of harsh corrections. Provide your Jack Russell with rules and routines and apply the right amount of patience and motivation, however, and you will be rewarded. There are not any limits to what a Jack Russell can learn when he’s paired with the correct person.

Jack Russell Terrier Grooming, Bathing & Coat:

The Russell Terrier’s rough and ready appearance is definitely maintained. Coats are available three types: smooth, broken, and rough. The dense, short, smooth coat is often kept looking great with an all-over rubdown with a soft brush or a hound glove once every week. The rough and broken coats would require going over with a brush or a dog comb weekly but are kept mostly natural, with minimal grooming. The Russell’s nails should be trimmed monthly, and his ears checked weekly for debris or excess wax and cleaned as required.

Jack Russell Terrier Dog Exercise:

The Russell Terrier isn’t a breed for a couch-potato family. High energy levels and a strong personality make this a superb choice of breed for an outdoorsy family who takes many hikes, bike rides, and long daily walks. Finding games he likes to play will help keep his brain and body exercised. A tired Russell Terrier may be a good RT. With an almost limitless supply of energy, this makes a great companion dog for children who understand dogs. The breed has retained a strong prey drive, so it should be very well socialized early on to circumvent any problems which may result from that trait.

Jack Russell Terrier Dog Personality:

The Jack Russell terrier may be a happy, energetic dog with a strong desire to work. This breed is most happy when given companionship and employment to do. Digging is normal for a Jack Russell, especially if he decides it’s his job to free your yard from rodents! Hunting ability is bred into them; it’s their nature. The desire to hunt, combined with a high energy state, makes training a must for Jack Russell. You’ll never win a battle of wills with a Jack Russell.

Because he’s a baying terrier, Jack Russell is often vocal. However, these dogs are alert and make good watchdogs. The breed is naturally assertive and should not tolerate young children or other animals within the home. They especially are often aggressive toward other dogs.

Jack Russell Terrier Dog Training:

The first tool one must-have when training a Russell Terrier is a good sense of humor. They’re extremely intelligent and like to work on problems and play games. They bore easily, so training sessions must be kept entertaining if you would like them to find out. They master tricks easily and love entertaining people by performing. They throw themselves into any job or activity with the same dedication they were bred to have for hunting purposes. They’re great choices for canine sports like agility, flyball, obedience, rally, and even lure coursing.

Pros of Jack Russell Terrier Dogs:

  • Trainability: Jack Russell Terriers are easy to train.
  • Grooming: Easy to groom: The Jack Russell Terrier doesn’t require a lot of grooming.
  • Drooling tendency: The Jack Russell Terrier is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Watchdog Ability: Jack Russell Terriers are good watchdogs.
  • Adaptability: Jack Russell Terriers adapt alright to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Jack Russell Terriers are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Jack Russell Terriers are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Jack Russell Terriers are good for novice owners, because of their easy-going personality.

Cons of Jack Russell Terrier Dogs:

  • Hypoallergenic: Jack Russell Terriers don’t have the best with allergy sufferers by causing the allergy.
  • Apartment Friendly: Jack Russell Terriers aren’t apartment-friendly dogs.
  • Shedding Level: Jack Russell Terriers are heavy shedders.
  • Weight Gain Potential: Average to High.
  • Mouthiness: Jack Russell Terriers have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Wanderlust’s potential of the Jack Russell Terrier is strong enough to escape from home.
  • Cat Friendly: Jack Russell Terriers aren’t the most cat-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Jack Russell Terriers aren’t the foremost dog-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Jack Russell Terrier isn’t the best dog breed for the office environment.


More About Jack Russell Terrier Dog:

Once upon a time, hunting was a favorite pastime among men of property, including men of the church. We will thank one among those hard-hunting English parsons for the Jack Russell Terrier, developed to hunt fox within the south of England some 200 years ago. Parson John Russell, “Jack” to his friends, wanted an efficient dog and decided to design exactly the dog he had in mind.

The result was a bold, athletic dog who won hearts together with his quickness, intelligence, determination, and intense desire to hunt. The Jack Russell Terrier, also called the Parson Russell Terrier, maybe a favorite among horse owners, dog sports enthusiasts, animal trainers for film and tvand other people who simply appreciate his fearless personality, boundless energy, entertaining antics, and portable size.

But beware! The trained Jack Russell that you simply see on TV or in movies doesn’t come that way. Teaching a Jack Russell to become a civilized companion is not an easy task. It requires much time and patience also as a strong sense of humor. The JRT is very trainable, but he has a mind of his own and won’t stand for boredom. If you do not keep him entertained, he’ll find his own amusements, and you almost certainly won’t be happy with the results.

If you would like a dog who can learn tricks, run agility or flyball course in seconds flat, play fetch until you drop, and who will make a charming companion when he is not getting into mischief, the Jack Russell could also be the dog for you. If you cannot deal with a dog who will chew, dig, and bark, rocket through the house multiple times daily, chase cats and other small animals with glee and murderous intent, and can always find the loophole in any command you give, he’s definitely not the dog for you, no matter how cute and small he is.

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