Leonberger Dog Breed Information: Profile, History, Care & Review

The Leonberger is a large, muscular dog, well suited for the initial purpose of the family dog, farm dog, and draft dog. The breed is strong and powerful, with medium to heavy build, slightly longer than tall. Males especially carry a lion-like mane on the neck and chest, and both males and females have a double coat.

The coat is medium to long, and also the outer coat is medium-soft to coarse, lying flat and is usually straight. The undercoat is soft and dense. The outline of the body is usually recognizable. The Leonberger is light-footed and graceful in motion. The dog has an easy, powerful, ground-covering gait with good reach and powerful drive. An even, confident temperament, together with obedience and vigilance is important to the dog’s role as a family companion.

Leonberger Dog Information:

Breed Name Leonberger
Other Names Leo, Gentle Lion, Gentle Giant
Breed Group Guardian Dogs (UKC)
Type Working
Size Giant
Weight Male: 130-170 pounds (59-77 kg)
Female: 100-130 pounds (45-59 kg)
Height Male: 29-31 inches (74-80 cm)
Female: 27-29 inches (61-74 cm)
Area of Origin Germany
Life Range 8-10 years
Colors Red
Reddish Brown
Level of Energy Laid Back.
Bark Tendency  Low
Exercise Daily
Overall Grooming High Maintenance

Leonberger Dog History:

The Leonberger has existed since 1846. Named after the small town of Leonberg, Germany, the Leonberger’s origin is credited to the mayor of the town, Herr Heinrich Essig, who lived from 1808 to 1889. Herr Hessig was an avid animal lover who had a specific fondness for very large dogs. It had been his goal to breed a dog that resembled the lion that graced the town’s crest. After a few years of planned breedings, including the crossings of Landseer Newfoundlands, St. Bernards, and Pyrenean Mountain Dogs, the first true Leonberger was born in 1846.

Leonberger Dog Photos:

Leonberger Dog Breed InformationLeonberger - Dog Breeds - Purina AustraliaThe Lowdown on the Lion-like Leonberger | HowStuffWorks

About Leonberger Dog Health:

As with all canines, proper exercise and nutrition, routine vet exams, and parasite prevention are keys to a happy and healthy life. Large dogs like Leos can experience bloat, where the stomach twists, and gas is trapped inside. Bloat can quickly be fatal, and it’s important to understand its signs, like drooling, restlessness, enlarged abdomen, and attempts to vomit. Owners of at-risk dogs can consider the preventative measure of getting their dog’s stomach surgically tacked to the abdominal wall.

  • Major concerns: CHD
  • Minor concerns: elbow dysplasia, gastric torsion, osteosarcoma
  • Occasionally seen: entropion, ectropion, polyneuropathy
  • Suggested tests: hip, eye, DNA for polyneuropathy

Nutrition For Leonberger Dog:

The Leonberger should do well on a portion of high-quality pet food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared, together with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are susceptible to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treats are often an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. Learn about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which aren’t. Ask your vet if you’ve got any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean water should be available at all times.

How to Take Care of Leonberger Dog:

A Leonberger does require regular bathing and brushing. This sweet dog is often bathed every other week up to not than every six weeks. With this double-coated breed, proper bathing and drying techniques lay the groundwork for achieving a gorgeous coat. Selecting the right products to satisfy the dog’s needs is important to achieve optimal results.

The care and maintenance of the coat set the foundation for obtaining healthy skin and coat. When the coat is dirty, the hair shaft becomes rough and eventually breaks down, which may cause the coat to become damaged. This coat must be bathed and brushed weekly so as to prevent the dog from becoming matted and tangled. Lack of maintenance can contribute to the formation of the cobweb matting that forms close to the skin. This type of matting, if left unattended, can cause the event of various skin issues. Therefore, keeping the coat clean and healthy is of utmost importance so as to take care of the double coat.

Leonberger Grooming, Bathing & Coat:

Before the bath, take a couple of minutes to take a high-velocity dryer over the coat to loosen any dirt and debris from the skin and to loosen any cobweb matting. Don’t move the dryer back and forth quickly. Rather, hold the dryer in one place and slowly move it through the coat. The coat should start standing off the skin and not felt. You would possibly need to pull the dryer farther faraway from the skin to prevent it from tangling the coat. Once you’ve got blown out any loose hair, and have lightly brushed through the dog, you’re ready for the bath.

Wet the coat and apply the shampoo by squeezing it through the coat, ensuring you’ve got worked it through the coat right down to the skin. Thorough shampooing will contribute to putting together a healthy, strong, and manageable coat. It’s a good idea to cool the water temperature down when rinsing the coat slightly. The coat should be rinsed thoroughly, ensuring that each one of the products has been removed. Use a light conditioner to nourish and hydrate each individual strand of hair without changing the texture of the coat. A heavy conditioner isn’t necessary unless the coat is severely damaged. Once the bath is complete, blot the coat with a towel to remove excessive moisture.

Try to avoid employing a circular motion to avoid any longer tangling. Blow the coat out with an HV dryer to get rid of any excess moisture. Make certain to hold the nozzle far enough away to stop the coat from tangling. Finish with a stand dryer and line dry all the way to the skin. Once the dog is totally dry, line brush, working in sections until the dog is tangle-free. Go over the whole coat together with your hands, to see if there are inconsistencies within the density of the coat. If so, still brush and comb those areas. As a final check, use a firm slicker brush throughout the coat, and tiny to no hair should be apparent on the comb. Areas to pay particular attention to for tangles and excessive hair are the thighs, behind the ears, the tail, and around the ruff. It’s always a good idea to spend a little extra time in these areas before you finish the dog.

Leonberger Dog Exercise:

If you reside in a city apartment or a house on a small suburban lot, this might not be the breed for you. Adult Leonbergers are generally calm and subdued, but they still got to have some vigorous exercise once each day. Puppies and adolescents are active and exuberant. Adult dogs can enjoy jogging or hiking with their owner or keeping pace alongside a bicycle. An outsized yard with a tall, strong fence is the ideal place for a Leo to frolic. Remember, these are working dogs. Drafting—that is, pulling a cart—and agility training are two good ways for a Leo to urge the activity he or she needs.

Leonberger Dog Personality:

Leonbergers are calm and quiet dogs, but they’re not lethargic. They are doing not observe kennel dogs and like being with their guardians. They’re active dogs outside and need more exercise than just a walk.

Leonbergers are very intelligent and trainable, but they will be stubborn. They’re not known to aggressive with people, although they are doing become reserved with strangers as they mature.

Leonberger Dog Training:

Leonbergers are very large and powerful. Additionally, puppies and adolescents have a lot of energy and are extremely enthusiastic. With these facts in mind, proper training of the breed is important. Leo puppies should be socialized by being gently exposed to a good range of individuals, animals, and settings before the age of 20 weeks. Group obedience classes will help Leo learn to be a well-mannered companion and canine citizen. A Leo is perhaps stronger than and should even outweigh his owner, and it’s imperative that he learns to do what you would like him to try to do.

Pros of Leonberger Dogs:

  • Watchdog Ability: Leonbergers are one of the best watchdogs.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Leonbergers tend to escape less than other breeds.
  • Child Friendly: Leonbergers are very kid-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Leonbergers are dog-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Leonbergers are one among the best breeds for elderly people.
  • Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog: A drafting dog or draft dog may be a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Cons of Leonberger Dogs:

  • Health Issues: Leonbergers tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds.
  • Hypoallergenic: Leonbergers don’t have the best with allergy sufferers by causing the allergy.
  • Apartment Friendly: Leonbergers aren’t apartment-friendly dogs.
  • Shedding Level: Leonbergers are heavy shedders.
  • Weight Gain Potential: Average to High.
  • Mouthiness: Leonbergers have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Leonbergers tend to possess separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Office Friendly: Leonberger isn’t the best dog breed for an office environment.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Leonbergers aren’t good for novice owners, because of their stubborn personality.


More About Leonberger Dog:

Originally from Germany, where he was created through crosses between Newfoundlands, longhaired Saint Bernards, plus some Great Pyrenees, this giant breed requires a commitment to training and a high tolerance for mischief and mess. He looks beautiful within the show ring, but his wild is more along the lines of damp and muddy than leonine elegance. That, together with long fur and copious shedding, makes this a poor choice for neatniks. Early and extensive socialization and training with much positive reinforcement and consistent expectations will turn him into a family friend like no other, but without them, he’s mischievous and destructive.

The Leo’s high energy levels and intelligence make him a super competitor in agility and obedience trials, and he’s also found doing therapy visits and water rescue work. Leos like living in pride of their own kind, but they get along well with other animals, too, including cats and horses. Due to their great size, they ought to never be left alone with young children. This is often a sensitive dog who dislikes family arguments. Keep your disagreements private, or he may try to intervene.

Leo loves being together with his people and won’t be happy to spend all his time alone within the backyard. Expect to provide him about an hour of exercise daily. Take Leo’s size into consideration before bringing one home; this breed needs a family with a yard and an SUV, not a studio apartment and a Miata. The coat sheds heavily twice a year and moderately the rest of the time. On the plus side, his deep bark and large size are quite enough to place off any halfway intelligent intruder.

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