Newfoundland Dog Breed Information: Profile, History, Care & Review

The Newfoundland is a large, heavily boned, powerful dog, strong enough to drag a drowning man from rough seas. The dog’s appearance is both huggable but imposing. This breed is slightly longer than it’s tall. The gait gives the impression of effortless power, with good reach and drive, and also the double coat may be a soft, dense undercoat with a rough , moderately long and straight outer coat. The dog’s soft expression reflects its benevolent and dignified temperament.

He was originally used as a dog to pull nets for fishermen and haul wood from the forest. he’s a capable and hardworking dog, well suited to work on land or water. he’s a strong swimmer and equally strong “packhorse.” Sweet-natured and responsive, he makes a wonderful family companion also.

Newfoundland Dog Information:

Breed Name Newfoundland
Other Names Newf, Newfie, The Gentle Giant, Blackbear
Breed Group Guardian Dog (UKC)
Type Working (Purebred)
Size Giant
Weight Male: 130-150 pounds (59-68 kg)
Female: 100-120 pounds (45-54 kg)
Height Male: 27-29 inches (69-74 cm)
Female: 25-27 inches (63-69 cm)
Area of Origin The United Kingdom & Canada
Life Range 9-12 years
Colors Black
White & Black
Level of Energy Laid Back
Bark Tendency  Low
Exercise Daily
Overall Grooming High Maintenance

Newfoundland Dog History:

The resulting breed, present by the 1600s, was a black dog that loved swimming in cold waters; the black and white ‘Landseer’ Newfoundland developed a century later. The Newfoundland served as a helpful assistant by pulling heavy fishing nets or other equipment and rescuing sailors who had fallen overboard.

Local laws limiting dog ownership to at least one dog per man kept the Newfoundland’s numbers low in its home country, but it had been exported to Europe, where its numbers grew because it became a well-liked show dog.

Hayes and James Buchanan had pet Newfoundlands. English poet Lord Byron had a pet Newfoundland for whom he wrote ‘Epitaph to a Dog,’ which begins ‘Near this spot are deposited the remains of one who possessed beauty without vanity, strength without insolence, courage without ferocity, and every one the virtues of man, without his vices. This praise, which might be unmeaning flattery if inscribed over human ashes, is but a just tribute to the memory of Boatswain, a dog.’

Newfoundland Dog Photos:

Newfoundland Dog Breed InformationA massive Newfoundland. I love these gentle giants. | Big dog ...Newfoundland FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions

About Newfoundland Dog Health:

Responsible breeders screen their stock for health conditions like elbow and hip dysplasia, cardiac disease, and cystinuria, which may cause stones to make within the urinary system. Like all drop-eared dogs, a Newf’s ears should be checked regularly for signs of infection.

  • Major concerns: SAS, cystinuria, elbow dysplasia, CHD, gastric torsion
  • Minor concerns: OCD, entropion, ectropion, vWD, cataract, cruciate ligament rupture
  • Occasionally seen: epilepsy, vWD
  • Suggested tests: hip, elbow, cardiac, vWD, cystinuria
    Note: Newfoundlands don’t tolerate heat well; some are sensitive to anesthesia.

Nutrition For Newfoundland Dog:

The Newfoundland should have the best on a portion of high-quality pet food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared, together with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are susceptible to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level.

Treats are often an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. Learn about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which aren’t. Ask your vet if you’ve got any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. The causes of bloat aren’t fully understood, but experts agree that multiple, small meals per day and preventing vigorous exercise around mealtimes may help reduce the probabilities of it happening.

How to Take Care of Newfoundland Dog:

Though relatively mellow, this dog needs regular activity. He’s no long-distance runner, but he’s an excellent swimmer.

You’ll need to require special care if you’re raising a Newfoundland puppy. Like other giant breeds, Newfoundland grows very rapidly between the age of 4 and 7 months, making him susceptible to bone disorders. As a giant dog, he ages more quickly than small dogs too.

Don’t let your Newfoundland puppy run and play on very hard surfaces like pavement or pull a cart until he’s a minimum of two years old and his joints are fully formed. Normal play on grass is okay, as is puppy agility, with its one-inch jumps. Swimming is a perfect type of exercise for a Newfoundland puppy because he works his muscles without the danger of injuring his joints.

Training should begin the day you bring your Newfoundland puppy home. he’s generally desirous to please so training is fairly easy. Leash training may be a must with Newfoundland, especially because he’s getting to weigh more than 100 pounds when he’s fully grown. Puppy kindergarten and obedience classes are recommended.

Newfoundland Grooming, Bathing & Coat:

A Newfie does require regular bathing and brushing. This sweet dog is often bathed every other week up to not than every six weeks. With this double-coated breed, proper bathing and drying techniques lay the groundwork for achieving a gorgeous coat. Selecting the correct products to satisfy the dog’s needs is important to achieve optimal results.

The care and maintenance of the coat set the foundation for obtaining healthy skin and coat. When the coat is dirty, the hair shaft becomes rough and eventually breaks down, which may cause the coat to become damaged. This coat must be bathed and brushed weekly so as to stop the dog from becoming matted and tangled. Lack of maintenance can contribute to the formation of the cobweb matting that forms close to the skin. This type of matting, if left unattended, can cause the development of various skin issues. Therefore, keeping the coat clean and healthy is of utmost importance in order to take care of the double coat.

Before the bath, take a couple of minutes to take a high-velocity dryer over the coat to loosen any dirt and debris from the skin and to loosen any cobweb matting. don’t move the dryer back and forth quickly. Rather, hold the dryer in one place and slowly move it through the coat. The coat should start standing off the skin and not felt. You would possibly need to pull the dryer farther away from the skin to stop it from tangling the coat. Once you’ve got blown out any loose hair, and have lightly brushed through the dog, you’re ready for the bath.

Newfoundland Dog Exercise:

The Newfoundland could be a multipurpose dog, at home on land and in water. Alsoas being a faithful companion, he’s adept at draft work and has natural lifesaving abilities. Newfoundlands need a minimum of a half-hour of moderate exercise daily to remain healthy and happy. While they’re definitely meant to live indoors with their human family, Newfs enjoy outdoor activities, especially swimming, and make great companions on long walks or hikes. Newfs enjoy pulling a cart, and a few even participate in carting and drafting competitions. Other canine activities during which Newfs participate and excel include agility, dock jumping, flyball, herding, obedience, rally, and tracking.

Newfoundland Dog Personality:

Despite the size of the Newfoundland, this dog is rather docile and may happily suit living within the house. He does, however, need considerable yard space for exercise and ideally should have safe access to water. The breed is watchful and trustworthy and tolerant of the behavior of youngsters. it’s said that author J.M. Barrie based the “Nana” in Peter Pan on his own Newfoundland.

Newfoundlands are protective, known to place themselves physically between their family and any stranger. they’re not barkers but will show themselves to be watchful and willing to guard. An intelligent breed, the guardians of Newfoundlands often tell of their dogs alerting them to fire within the home, also as rescuing them from their own swimming pools.

Newfoundland Dog Training:

The Newfoundland puppy is outgoing, intelligent, and curious—never timid, skittish, or aggressive. Daily human contact is completely essential for any Newfie. Early socialization and puppy training classes are recommended and help to make sure that the Newfoundland grows into a well-adjusted, well-mannered companion. A puppy who goes to be trained for water work should be carefully introduced to the water by the age of 4 months. Newfs are wanting to please and usually easy to train. they’re also affectionate and trusting; they respond well to gentle guidance but don’t respond well to harsh corrections or training methods.

Pros of Newfoundland Dogs:

  • Intelligent Rank: Smart: Newfoundland’s has great intelligence.
  • Trainability: Newfoundlands are easy to coach.
  • Health Issues: Very healthy dog breed.
  • Watchdog Ability: Newfoundlands are one among the best watchdogs.
  • Adaptability: Newfoundlands adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Newfoundlands are very kid-friendly dogs.
  • Cat Friendly: Newfoundlands are very cat-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Newfoundlands are dog-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Newfoundlands are one among the best breeds for elderly people.
  • Service Dog: This breed makes good as a service dog.
  • Search and Rescue Dog (SAR): the utilization of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) may be a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
  • Boat Dog: Newfoundland breed usually likes being on a boat.
  • Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog: A drafting dog or draft dog may be a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Cons of Newfoundland Dogs:

  • Hypoallergenic: Newfoundlands don’t have the best with allergy sufferers by causing the allergy.
  • Grooming: Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to stay in fitness.
  • Shedding Level: Newfoundlands are heavy shedders.
  • Drooling tendency: The Newfoundland may be a big drooler, so if you’re disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, you ought to choose a dog from another breed.
  • Stinkiness: The Newfoundland features a high chance of bad smell.
  • Weight Gain Potential: Average to High.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Newfoundlands do best when a loved one is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly in order that they can take the dog at work.
  • Office Friendly: Newfoundland isn’t the best dog breed for the office environment.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Newfoundlands aren’t good for novice owners, because of their stubborn personality.


More About Newfoundland Dog:

Surely you remember Nana, the fictional Newfoundland employed as a nanny by the Darling family in Peter Pan? Sweet-natured Nana was first introduced to the general public by Scottish novelist and playwright J. M. Barrie in his 1904 play, Peter Pan, which later became the well-loved kids’ story we all know today.

It’s true that Barrie’s fictional account of Nana as around-the-clock babysitter stretches reality a bit. However, there’s truth within the author’s characterization of the dog.

The Newfoundland really maybesweet dog who loves children. He’s naturally gentle and friendly with them, also as protective. Fans of this breed say the Newfoundland really may be a natural-born babysitter. The Newfoundland may be a giant breed (about 100 pounds). Though relatively placid, he still needs daily exercise to keep fit.

Neat freaks needn’t consider the Newfoundland because his long, heavy coat may be a mud-burr-dirt magnet. he’s especially skilled at tracking dirt and debris throughout the house. You will need to keep up with quite a bit of grooming to minimize the damage. And he drools — a lot.

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