Pomeranian Dog Breed Information: Profile, History, Care & Review

The Pomeranian is a small, square-proportioned, miniature spitz with a cobby, rounded body. This breed shares the spitz characteristics of little ears, double coat, and curled tail. The expression is alert and fox-like, and also the gait is smooth and free with good reach and drive. The soft thick undercoat combined with the longer harsh outer coat, standing far away from the body, combine to provide the dog a unique puffy appearance. This look is further accentuated by the thick ruff and a head carriage that’s naturally upgazing.

Descended from large sled dog breeds, the now-tiny Pomeranian features a long and exciting history. The foxy-faced dog, nicknamed “the little dog who thinks he can,” is compact, active, and capable of competing in agility and obedience or just being a family friend.

Pomeranian Dog Information:

Breed Name Pomeranian
Other Names Pom, Pom Pom, Deutsche Spitze, Zwergspitz,
Spitz Nain, Spitz Enano, Zwers
Breed Group Companion Breeds (UKC)
Type Toy (Purebred)
Size Smallest
Weight 3-7 pounds (1-3 kg)
Height 7-12 inches (18-30 cm)
Area of Origin Germany & Poland
Life Range 12-16 years
Colors Black
Black & Tan
Blue
Brown
Gray
Orange
Red
White
Level of Energy Very energetic
Bark Tendency  High
Exercise Casually
Overall Grooming Moderate Maintenance

Pomeranian Dog History:

The Pomeranian got its name from the region of Pomerania, which is now the area of Germany and Poland, where it had been developed from the traditional Spitz breeds. The initial Pomeranians were much more significant, weighing up to 30 pounds, and worked as sheepherders. Marie AntoinetteEmile Zola, Mozart, and Queen Victoria all owned Pomeranians. It had been she who started breeding them down in size, making the breed very popular in England. The AKC first recognized the Pomeranian in 1888. a number of the Pom’s talents include watchdog, agility, and performing tricks. Poms make superior circus performers.

Pomeranian Dog Photos:

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About Pomeranian Dog Health:

Pomeranians are generally healthy little dogs, and responsible breeders screen their stock for health conditions like luxating patellas (kneecaps that slip out of place), hypothyroidism, collapsing tracheas, congestive heart failure, seizures, and alopecia X (black skin disease). The Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) may be a registry that keeps health-screening information within the public database. Make sure to request to check copies of the OFA results of the litter’s parents from the breeder when considering a puppy.

  • Major concerns: patellar luxation
  • Minor concerns: open fontanel, hypoglycemia, shoulder luxation, PRA, entropion
  • Occasionally seen: tracheal collapse, PDA, Legg-Perthes
  • Suggested tests: knee, eye, cardiac, hip

Nutrition For Pomeranian Dog:

The Pomeranian should had best on a portion of high-quality pet food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared, together with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are susceptible to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treats are often a crucial aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. Find out about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which aren’t. Ask your vet if you’ve got any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean water should be available at all times.

How to Take Care of Pomeranian Dog:

Pomeranians are very active indoors and are excellent choices for apartment dwellers and folks without a fenced yard. They need a moderate activity level and can enjoy several short daily walks or playtimes.

They are remarkably hearty and enjoy long walks, but always keep in mind that they’re small and sensitive to heat. They like to play and may get bored easily, so make certain to offer them many toys and rotate them frequently, so there’s always something new. They especially enjoy toys that challenge them.

Poms like to learn new things and enjoy being the center of attention, so teaching them tricks is a perfect way to bond with them while providing them with exercise and mental stimulation.

Pomeranian Grooming, Bathing & Coat:

The Pomeranian may be a dog that does require frequent bathing and grooming. This compact, active double-coated dog features a short, dense undercoat with a profuse harsh textured outer coat. A characteristic of the breed is its heavily plumed tail. This coat must be bathed as frequently as weekly up to not than every three weeks so as to prevent the dog from becoming matted and tangled. The care and maintenance of the coat set the foundation for obtaining healthy skin and coat. When the coat is dirty, the hair shaft becomes rough and eventually breaks down, which may cause the coat to become damaged. It can also contribute to the beginning formation of the cobweb matting that forms close to the skin. This kind of matting, if left unattended, can cause the event of various skin issues. Therefore, keeping the coat clean and healthy is of utmost importance to take care of the profuse, dense, double coat.

Bathing a Pomeranian is an acquired skill that takes patience and perseverance. After the coat is wet, apply the shampoo by squeezing it through the coat, ensuring you’ve got worked it through the coat down to the skin. Thorough shampooing will contribute to building a healthy, strong, and manageable coat. it’s a good idea to cool the water temperature down when rinsing the coat slightly.

Pomeranian Dog Exercise:

As much as Pomeranians enjoy being lapdogs and family companions, they are doing benefit from some exercise and enjoy the possibility to run, play, and go for walks. Make sure to keep a close eye on your Pom when he or she is outside. they’re notorious for escaping through small crevices or gaps in fencing or climbing over short fencing. Small breeds like Pomeranians are often mistaken for rabbits or squirrels by large, predatory birds like hawks and owls, so it’s vital to keep a Pom undercover or stick with them at all times. When taking your Pom for a walk, take care of your surroundings. Other dogs who aren’t controlled can easily hurt your Pom.

Pomeranian Dog Personality:

Pomeranians are generally perky, friendly little dogs. they’re doing not seem to understand they are small in stature and can occasionally tackle large dogs or a minimum of verbally threaten them!

These are active little dogs that do need daily exercise, even if it’s just a walk around the block. they’re quite intelligent and had best in obedience competitions despite a small independent streak. As they age, they’re more amenable to being truly lap dogs.

Pomeranians are often good alert and alarm dogs and may be susceptible to excessive barking. They tend to be good with children, but children got to be cautioned that these are small dogs and not as sturdy because of the larger breeds.

Pomeranian Dog Training:

The Pom should be trained to walk on a leash early and taught to come back when called. Housebreaking is often a challenge, so consistency and patience are key. it’s important to keep your Pom from jumping on and off couches or beds, as they will injure joints or maybe break a bone. Poms are alert and extremely smartand that they enjoy and may excel in canine activities like agility, rally, and obedience, or working as therapy dogs.

Pros of Pomeranian Dogs:

  • Intelligent Rank: Very smart: Pomeranian is a superb dog breed.
  • Mouthiness: Pomeranians have less than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • The impulse to Wander or Roam: Pomeranians aren’t the most important explorers.
  • Trainability: Pomeranians are easy to train.
  • Apartment Friendly: Pomeranians are very apartment-friendly dogs.
  • Drooling tendency: The Pomeranian may be a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Adaptability: Pomeranians adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Cat Friendly: Pomeranians are very cat-friendly dogs.
  • Service Dog: This breed makes good as a service dog.
  • Therapy Dog: This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.

Cons of Pomeranian Dogs:

  • Hypoallergenic: Pomeranians don’t have the best with allergy sufferers by causing the allergy.
  • Child Friendly: Pomeranians aren’t the foremost kid-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Pomeranian isn’t the simplest dog breed for the office environment.
  • Weight Gain Potential: Average to High.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Pomeranians tend to own separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Pomeranians aren’t the simplest breed for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Pomeranians aren’t good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.

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More About Pomeranian Dog:

The Pomeranian is the smallest member of the Spitz family of dogs, which incorporates the Samoyed, Alaskan malamute, and Norwegian elkhound, among others. Poms take their name from the province of Pomerania in Germany. They became especially popular when Queen Victoria allowed some of her Pomeranians to be shown during a conformation show, the first Pomeranians ever to be shown.

Cute, feisty, and furry, Poms are intelligent and loyal to their families. Don’t let their cuteness fool you, however. These independent, bold dogs have minds of their own. they’re alert and curious about the world around them. Unfortunately, in their minds, they’re much larger than they really are, which may sometimes lead them to harass and even attack much larger dogs.

Luckily, if they’re properly socialized with other dogs and animals, they typically get along quite well with them. Pomeranians have a wedge-shaped head with erect ears. Some people describe their faces as fox-like, while others think that “baby-doll” or “pansy” may be a better description.

Their dark, almond-shaped eyes sparkle with intelligence and curiosity. Their noses are often dark or the same color as their coats. Their distinctive plumed tail fans out over their back.

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