The massive Mastiff is heavy boned with strong musculature, being slightly longer than tall. Great strength is combined with endurance. Power and strength are evident in this dog’s gait, which has good reach and drive. The double coat consists of a dense undercoat and a straight, coarse, outer coat of moderately short length. The expression is alert but kindly. The general impression is one among grandeur and dignity.
The Mastiff is one of the foremost ancient kinds of dog breeds. Their ancestor, the Molossus, was known 5,000 years ago. Back then, they were ferocious war dogs, very different from the benevolent behemoth that the breed is today. Mastiffs are sometimes called Old English Mastiffs. Although this is often a purebred dog, you’ll find them in shelters and rescues. Remember to adopt it! Don’t shop if this is often the breed for you.
Mastiff Dog Information:
|Other Names||English Mastiff, Old English Mastiff|
|Breed Group||Guardian Dog (UKC)|
|Weight||Male: 150-250 pounds (68-113 kg)
Female: 120-180 pounds (54-82 kg)
|Height||Male: 30 inches (76 cm)
Female: 27.5 inches (70 cm)
|Area of Origin||United Kingdom|
|Life Range||10-12 years|
|Level of Energy||Laid Back|
|Overall Grooming||Low Maintenance|
Mastiff Dog History:
The Mastiff (also referred to as the ‘English Mastiff’) is a British breed that descended from the Alaunt and other Molossers several thousand years ago. ‘Mastiff’ likely derives from the Anglo-Saxon word ‘masty,’ meaning ‘powerful.’ The Mastiff’s ancient origins are with the Molossians, an early Hellenic tribe known for its powerful guard dogs.
In Roman times, the Mastiff was employed as a war dog and fighter, pit within the Arena against gladiators, bears, and even elephants. By the center Ages, the Mastiff was a well-liked guard dog and hunter. Unfortunately, it had been still forced to fight, matched up against bears, bulls, and lions in popular gambling dens. Many Mastiffs today descend from the Lyme Hall Mastiffs, a line beginning with Sir Peers Legh’s Mastiff, who protected him after he was wounded at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415 (a glass window in Lyme Hall depicts Sir Legh and his Mastiff to the present day).
The Mastiff may have arrived in America on the Mayflower; it had certainly arrived by the 1800s. Mastiffs decreased in popularity in England after bull-baiting, bear-baiting, and lion-baiting were outlawed, but grew in popularity within the U.S throughout the 20th century, remaining a well-liked pet and guardian today. The charming character of the Mastiff has helped it find its way into popular culture. Famous fictional Mastiffs include ‘Hercules’ from ‘The Sandlot’ and ‘Kazak’ from Kurt Vonnegut’s ‘The Sirens of Titan.’
Mastiff Dog Photos:
About Mastiff Dog Health:
The Mastiff Club of America (MCOA) provides in-depth information on breed health. Responsible breeders screen their stock for health conditions like seasonal allergies, eye anomalies, heart disease, cancer, eye and hip dysplasia, von Willebrand’s disease, degenerative myelopathy, and epilepsy. Hygromas—harmless natural “cushions” that protect the elbow joints when the Mastiff is lying on hard surfaces—are common. Don’t allow the vet to empty them. Finally, Mastiffs can experience bloat, a life-threatening condition where the stomach suddenly distends and often twists also. Owners should educate themselves on what symptoms indicate this is often occurring and what to do should it occur.
- Major concerns: CHD, gastric torsion
- Minor concerns: elbow dysplasia, osteosarcoma, cystinuria
- Occasionally seen: cardiomyopathy, allergies, vaginal hyperplasia, cruciate ligament rupture, hypothyroidism, OCD, entropion, PRA, PPM
- Suggested tests: hip, elbow, eye, cardiac, (cystinuria), thyroid, DNA for PRA
Note: obesity is often a problem
Nutrition For Mastiff Dog:
For rapidly growing giant breeds like the Mastiff, proper nutrition is critical through puppyhood and up to 2 years aged. Slow and steady growth is perfect. If fed a densely caloric diet lacking an appropriate calcium/phosphorous ratio, Mastiff puppies and young adults are susceptible to skeletal disorders. Most breed experts recommend that puppies start on an adult pet food formulation with a protein percentage no above 26 percent, and a calcium/phosphorous ratio of approx.1.2:1. Feeding scheduled meals are suggested, instead of free-feeding, to avoid excessive weight gain.
How to Take Care of Mastiff Dog:
Mastiffs are house dogs. They will adapt to any environment, city, or country, but they are doing best in a home with a fenced yard. Their exercise needs are moderate. An adult Mastiff is going to be satisfied with a few of 20- to 30-minute walks daily.
Because of their great size, they are not good jogging companions. They overheat easily, and their joints are often damaged from the stress of running. Walks are best scheduled for cool mornings and evenings. During the day, bring along the water just in case they get hot.
Puppies are more active and wish free play in a fenced yard, but until they reach physical maturity at 18 months aged, it is important to limit jumping, long walks, and another exercise that would damage their still-developing bones, muscles, and tendons. Let young puppies play, walk, or rest at their own pace.
Mastiff Grooming, Bathing & Coat:
The Mastiff does require regular bathing and grooming. This gentle dog is often bathed weekly up to every six to eight weeks, depending on his activity level and lifestyle. With this short and densely coated breed, regular bathing is important to minimize shedding and to keep up healthy skin and coat.
Before bathing, it’s recommended to go over the dog’s entire body with a high-velocity dryer to facilitate the removal of any loose coat, and to loosen any dirt and debris from this dense coat. If you are doing not have access to a high-velocity dryer, a slicker brush would be the next best option. Lightly card the coat to assist accelerate shedding also. Now, it’s bath time!
Mastiff Dog Exercise:
Bred to be guardians of “hearth and residential,” Mastiffs have comparatively low exercise requirements and may live happily in an apartment. They benefit physically and psychologically from free play and daily walks—a mile or two for adult Mastiffs. However, owners must take care not to overtax growing puppies and young adults: Don’t allow them to run up and downstairs, jump from heights, or engage in long walks. Begin with no more than half a block for a 2- to 3-month-old puppy. Additionally, Mastiffs are notorious for plopping down during walks once they are tired or overheated. Therefore, a rule of thumb is not to walk them farther than you’ll carry them back!
Mastiff Dog Personality:
The Mastiff may be a dignified yet good-natured animal. He’s loving and affectionate toward his family, and his calm demeanor makes him a good companion for older children. However, the breed isn’t recommended for toddlers due to its great size.
The Mastiff’s watchdog roots are likely to manifest themselves when visitors come to the house. The dog tends to be suspicious of strangers and protective of his family and perceived territory. Even so, the Mastiff barks infrequently.
Mastiff Dog Training:
Obedience training and early socialization are “musts” for Mastiffs. Mastiffs learn quickly and need to please. However, the repetitions during a typical training class will quickly bore them, at which point they’ll lie down, snoring. Make eye contact together with your Mastiff; they convey a great deal with their eyes, and that they are excellent at reading your expressions and body language. Use praise and positive rewards—you can easily hurt their feelings by raising your voice. Hold several short sessions during the day, keeping it fun and varied. When treated amorously, inclusion, and respect, Mastiffs are often trained to excel in almost any sphere.
Pros of Mastiff Dogs:
- Health Issues: Mastiffs are commonly healthy dogs.
- Child Friendly: Mastiffs are very kid-friendly dogs.
- Cat Friendly: Mastiffs are very cat-friendly dogs.
- Senior Citizens Friendly: Mastiffs are one among the best breeds for older people.
- Grooming: Easy to groom: The Mastiff doesn’t require tons of grooming.
- Watchdog Ability: Mastiffs are one among the best watchdogs.
- The impulse to Wander or Roam: Mastiffs aren’t the most important explorers.
- Adaptability: Mastiffs adapt alright to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
- Good For First Time Owners: Mastiffs are good for novice owners because of their easy-going personality.
- Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog: A drafting dog or draft dog may be a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Cons of Mastiff Dogs:
- Hypoallergenic: Mastiffs don’t have the best with allergy sufferers by causing the allergy.
- Stinkiness: The Mastiff has a high chance of bad smell.
- Weight Gain Potential: Average to High.
- Drooling tendency: The Mastiff may be a big drooler, so if you’re disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, you ought to choose a dog from another breed.
- Mouthiness: Mastiffs have a better than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
- Office Friendly: Mastiff isn’t the best dog breed for the office environment.
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More About Mastiff Dog:
“Massive” is the word that comes to mind once you first see this dog. Other breeds might match or come close to their height, but the Mastiff outweighs them all. They’re considered the most important breed within the world and may weigh 220 pounds or more. A Mastiff named Zorba, listed within the 1989 Guinness Book of Records, weighed in at 323 pounds.
Although the Mastiff’s size makes them appear fierce, their temperament is one among good-natured docility. But let danger threaten their family, and this dog will step up to guard them.
Mastiffs, sometimes referred to as Old English Mastiffs, take their name from the Latin word mansuetude, meaning “tame” or “domesticated.” The Latin word was eventually transformed via Old French and Middle English into the word Mastiff, which was first recorded in Middle English in work written before 1387.
Like any dog, the Mastiff has some less attractive qualities. Once they shake that massive head, drool flies everywhere. You will find, however, that if you let it dry, it’s easily wiped away. And you get won’t keep baby wipes or hand towels nearby.
To put it politely, they will be flatulent. Often, however, this will be solved by finding a diet that produces a less odorous outcome. They also snore. A snoring Mastiff can make a lot of noise.